India’s Carbon Credit Market Scheme

In a significant stride towards environmental sustainability, the Ministry of Power (MoP) has recently announced the initiation of the Carbon Credit Market Scheme in India. This groundbreaking development marks the approval of India’s first domestic regulated carbon market, a pivotal step in the nation’s commitment to addressing climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The move is underscored by a gazette notification and is set to revolutionize the way India approaches carbon mitigation efforts.

National Steering Committee

At the core of this initiative is the establishment of a National Steering Committee, comprising key stakeholders such as the Ministry of Power, the Ministry of Environment, Forestry, and Climate Change (MoEFCC), along with representation from other pertinent ministries. This committee is entrusted with the responsibility of overseeing and regulating the operations of the Indian carbon market.

Functions of the National Steering Committee

Formulation of Procedures: The National Steering Committee will play a pivotal role in offering recommendations for the formulation and finalization of procedures to institutionalize the Indian carbon market. This includes establishing guidelines on issuance criteria, the validity of approved emission reductions, and specific application procedures.

Setting Emission Targets: To drive tangible outcomes, the committee will be responsible for setting specific greenhouse gas emission targets for obligated entities. This proactive approach ensures that the carbon market serves as a catalyst for emission reductions across various sectors.

Guidelines for Trading: Recognizing the global nature of environmental challenges, the empowered committee will develop guidelines for trading carbon credit certificates outside of India. This step aligns with India’s commitment to international cooperation in addressing climate change.

Issuing Carbon Credit Certificates: The committee holds the authority to issue carbon credit certificates, a critical component in incentivizing entities to adopt sustainable practices. This mechanism promotes a shift towards low-carbon and environmentally responsible operations.

Crediting Period Conditions: The National Steering Committee will also be responsible for developing the process or conditions for the crediting period, renewal, or expiry of a carbon credit certificate. This ensures the effectiveness and relevance of the carbon credit market over time.

Market Monitoring: A crucial aspect of the committee’s role is to monitor the functions of the Indian carbon market closely. This includes assessing the market’s performance, identifying areas for improvement, and adapting strategies to enhance its overall efficacy.

Committee Formation: The committee has the authority to form any additional committee or working group deemed necessary in connection with the Indian carbon market. This flexibility allows for a dynamic and responsive governance structure.


India’s Carbon Credit Market Scheme marks a significant milestone in the nation’s journey towards a sustainable and low-carbon future. The establishment of the National Steering Committee reflects a collaborative and comprehensive approach, bringing together key ministries to drive meaningful change. As the committee takes on the responsibility of formulating procedures, setting emission targets, and issuing carbon credit certificates, it lays the foundation for a robust and effective carbon market in India. This initiative not only aligns with global efforts to combat climate change but also positions India as a proactive and responsible player in the international environmental arena. With the vision of a greener tomorrow, India’s Carbon Credit Market Scheme heralds a new era in the country’s commitment to environmental stewardship.

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